9.7.11 Fungal Infection

False chanterelle 790 xxx
photos by gluttonforlife
I've caught the bug. My latest obsession is foraging for wild mushrooms. At this point, it's really not about eating them. I need to know much more about these fascinating fungi before I bring them to the dinner table. For starters, there are thousands upon thousands of different varieties! And you have to learn all the finer points of identification to be truly certain before popping one in your mouth. As the saying goes, "When in doubt, throw it out!" But with all the rain we've been having, the woods are fairly teeming with shrooms of all shapes and sizes and, after a recent gift of wild black trumpet mushrooms foraged by my friend Tomo in the woods near her house, I am hell-bent on finding my own mother lode of something, somewhere, sometime. In the meantime, let me just share with you a few of the gorgeous specimens I collected after (and during) the recent downpours.
Milk caps 790 xxx
russulaceae - called milk caps for the white substance they exude when broken
It's quite likely I have not identified all these correctly, so please feel free to chime in if you know something I don't! The woods are riddled with milk caps of all sizes, mostly the buff-colored ones, some as big as a baby's head.
Clavulina laeticolor 790 xxx
clavulina laeticolor - i found this golden fairy club near my friend ben's driveway
Ramariopsis kunzi 790 xxx
ramariosis kunzei - this white coral mushroom was not far away
Boobies 790 xxx
no idea what these are, but i love how they look like adolescent breasts!
Gills 790 xxx
one of the defining characteristics of a mushroom is whether it has gills like this...
Suillus tomentosus 790 xxx
or pores like this suillus tomentosus; note the telltale bruising from being handled
Hygrophoraceae 790 xxx
hygrophoraceae - waxy caps are supposedly watery and tasteless
Lichen 790 xxx
this must be a lichen but i couldn't find it in my incredibly advanced & intimidating book
Tray of mushrooms1 790 xxx
by now you are getting a sense of the vast shroomage out in our woods
Amanita 790 xxx
amanita - the most poisonous of the bunch
I was lured over to this gorgeous, classically shaped toadstool by its luminous and pristine whiteness. I brought home several, praying that it was something edible only to discover that this variety is responsible for more than 90% of all mushroom-related fatalities! I think this is either amanita phalloides (Death Cap) or amanita virosa (Destroying Angel). I am not making these names up. Apparently, there are a couple types of these that are not poisonous and are considered almost as delicious as chanterelles or morels, but you have to be a shroom genius to know the difference.
Puffballs 790 xxx
lycoperdan - puffballs
These are like little marshmallows, like mushrooms without a stem; they sit right on top of moss or a log, usually. Essentially, they are little round spore cases. When you squeeze them, they release a dusty puff of spores, known by some as "pixie farts"! I swear!And on that note, how about a recipe for risotto with wild mushrooms? You should be able to forage for them at your local farmers market. Buy some extra and dry them for later; they are easily reconstituted and can even be ground into a pungent powder that's lovely for cooking. All this rain does have a silver lining...

Wild Mushroom Risotto

very lightly adapted from Bon Appétit
serves 6 as a first course
  • — 9 1/2 tablespoons butter, divided
  • — 1 1/2 pounds fresh wild mushrooms (black trumpet, chanterelles, hen of the woods, etc)
  • — 7 cups homemade or best quality chicken stock (you can use vegetable, if you like)
  • — 1 tablespoon olive oil
  • — 3/4 cup leeks, finely chopped white & pale green only
  • — 8-9 ounces arborio or carnaroli rice
  • — 1/4 cup dry white wine
  • — 1/4 cup dry white vermouth
  • — 1/4 cup parmesan cheese, grated, plus more for serving

Melt 2 tablespoons butter in heavy large skillet over medium-high heat. Add 1/4 of mushrooms and sprinkle with sea salt. Sauté mushrooms until tender and beginning to brown, 3 to 4 minutes. Transfer mushrooms to medium bowl. Working in 3 more batches, repeat with 6 tablespoons butter, remaining mushrooms, and salt and pepper.

Bring 7 cups chicken broth to simmer in medium saucepan; keep warm. Melt remaining 1 1/2 tablespoons butter with olive oil in heavy large saucepan over medium-low heat. Add leek, sprinkle with salt, and sauté until tender, 4 to 5 minutes.

Add rice and increase heat to medium. Stir until edges of rice begin to look translucent, 3 to 4 minutes. Add white wine and vermouth and stir until liquid is absorbed, about 1 minute. Add 3/4 cup warm chicken broth; stir until almost all broth is absorbed, about 1 minute.

Continue adding broth by 3/4 cupfuls, stirring until almost all broth is absorbed before adding more, until rice is tender but still firm to bite and risotto is creamy, about 10 minutes. Stir in 1/4 cup grated Parmesan cheese.

Transfer risotto to serving bowl or individual bowls. Pass additional Parmesan alongside.

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Thanks for the pictures and the recipe! I really like to eat puff balls, the young ones onl,y before the spores have formed. They're delicious with butter and lemon!! ;p Here a gal I love to read and loves mushrooms too (and knows about them!!!): http://hungerandthirstforlife.blogspot.com/2011/07/wild-about-puffball-mushrooms.html
alwayshungry on September 7, 2011 at 11:03 am —
Thanks for the tip--maybe I'll find some firm puffballs after this latest rain! And I enjoyed poking about on hunger & thirst (and love that she was formerly "Rendering Lard")
laura on September 7, 2011 at 7:40 pm —
love love love this post- oh, how i love mushrooms. i was in Italy this summer and had some gorgeous, fresh, sliced ovoli (amanita caesaria) with lemon, olive oil and paper-thin leaves of parmesan. i hope you can identify all of these 'shrooms 100% so you can start devouring them- they look utterly gorgeous. in Canada they cultivate the oyster mushroom, which i am enjoying a lot these days in my omelettes and fresh garlic and tamari-laced stir-fries. x shayma
shayma on September 12, 2011 at 12:24 pm —
Shayma, we've already enjoyed the chicken mushroom, hen-of-the-woods and black trumpets--all delicious! Chanterelles are next! And I think I found some oyster mushrooms today. Am being ve-e-e-e-ry careful!
laura on September 12, 2011 at 12:31 pm —